MPC Member Publications

This database contains a listing of population studies publications written by MPC Members. Anyone can add a publication by an MPC student, faculty, or staff member to this database; new citations will be reviewed and approved by MPC administrators.

Full Citation

Title: US Medical School Admissions Leaders’ Experiences With Barriers to and Advancements in Diversity, Equity, and Inclusion

Citation Type: Journal Article

Publication Year: 2023

ISSN: 2574-3805

DOI: 10.1001/JAMANETWORKOPEN.2022.54928

Abstract: <h3>Importance</h3><p>Despite decades-long calls for increasing racial and ethnic diversity, the medical profession continues to exclude members of Black or African American, Hispanic or Latinx, and Indigenous groups.</p><h3>Objective</h3><p>To describe US medical school admissions leaders’ experiences with barriers to and advances in diversity, equity, and inclusion.</p><h3>Design, Setting, and Participants</h3><p>This qualitative study involved key-informant interviews of 39 deans and directors of admission from 37 US allopathic medical schools across the range of student body racial and ethnic composition. Interviews were conducted in person and online from October 16, 2019, to March 27, 2020, and analyzed from October 2019 to March 2021.</p><h3>Main Outcomes and Measures</h3><p>Participant experiences with barriers to and advances in diversity, equity, and inclusion.</p><h3>Results</h3><p>Among 39 participants from 37 medical schools, admissions experience ranged from 1 to 40 years. Overall, 56.4% of participants identified as women, 10.3% as Asian American, 25.6% as Black or African American, 5.1% as Hispanic or Latinx, and 61.5% as White (participants could report &gt;1 race and/or ethnicity). Participants characterized diversity broadly, with limited attention to racial injustice. Barriers to advancing racial and ethnic diversity included lack of leadership commitment; pressure from faculty and administrators to overemphasize academic scores and school rankings; and political and social influences, such as donors and alumni. Accreditation requirements, holistic review initiatives, and local policy motivated reforms but may also have inadvertently lowered expectations and accountability. Strategies to overcome challenges included narrative change and revision of school leadership structure, admissions goals, practices, and committee membership.</p><h3>Conclusions and Relevance</h3><p>In this qualitative study, admissions leaders characterized the ways in which entrenched beliefs, practices, and power structures in medical schools may perpetuate institutional racism, with far-reaching implications for health equity. Participants offered insights on how to remove inequitable structures and implement process changes. Without such action, calls for racial justice will likely remain performative, and racism across health care institutions will continue.</p>


User Submitted?: No

Authors: Ko, Michelle; Henderson, Mark C.; Fancher, Tonya L.; London, Maya R.; Simon, Mark; Hardeman, Rachel R.

Periodical (Full): JAMA Network Open

Issue: 2

Volume: 6

Pages: e2254928-e2254928